Grown in: United States
Part Used: Seed
Dietary Sources: Milk Thistle
What we test for
According to the National Cancer Institute, laboratory studies demonstrate that silymarin, the active substance in milk thistle, “stabilizes cellular membranes, stimulates detoxification pathways, stimulates regeneration of liver tissue, inhibits the growth of certain cancer cell lines, exerts direct cytotoxic activity toward certain cancer cell lines, and possibly increases the efficacy of certain chemotherapy agents”
Lieber, C S, et al. (2003). Silymarin retards the progression of alcohol-induced hepatic fibrosis in baboons. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 37(4): 336-339
Song, Zhenyuan, et al. (2006). Silymarin Protects Against Acute Ethanol‐Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 30(3): 407-413.
Das SK, Vasudevan DM. (2006). Protective effects of silymarin, a milk thistle (Silybium marianum) derivative on ethanol-induced oxidative stress in liver. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics 43(5): 306.
Wellington K, Jarvis B. (2001). Silymarin: a review of its clinical properties in the management of hepatic disorders. BioDrugs 15(7): 465-489.